II Cycle or course of specialization
1. License in Theology and Patristic Sciences
After passing all the courses prescribed, the License in Theology and Patristic Sciences is obtained, with the drafting of a written work and a comprehensive oral examination to be sustained in the presence of at least three professors. 120 ECTS: 100 ETCS for courses and other academic activities (48 old credits) and 20 ETCS for thewritten thesis and its defence.
The comprehensive License examination has a twofold purpose:
- to assess the student’s ability to carry our a scientific research;
- to decide how the pupil could have used what he had learned from the general and monographic courses in an organic synthesis of patrology.
For this purpose, the written examination lasting one hour, includes a discussion of the mini-thesis (20 mins) and questions by the professors on other themes in the programme to which the student should reply succinctly but adequately (20 mins).
Preparation for the comprehensive License examination should not be concentrated on the last few weeks preceding the session, but be spread over the entire study course.
The mini-thesis, aimed at showing the student’s capacity for scientific research, will consist of at least 60 pages interlinea 1.5 and font size 12. The text should be written bearing in mind the Publishing regulations for the Ephemeridis ‘Augustinianum Study series, Patristical Aids and the ‘Augustinianum’ review.
One month prior to the date of the public discussion, the thesis – printed and bound – should have been deposited in six copies with the Secretariat.
Themes of the examination programme
- The second century: formation of the Christian identity in the face of Judaism, pagan religion and philosophy and gnosticism.
- Holy Scripture in the Church: the problem of the Old Testament in the various Christian groups, the formation of the rules, the text and the translations, exegetic schools and hermeneutic principles.
- Apochryphical books of the New Testament and the use made by Christians of Old Testament apochryphal writers.
- Western and African writers of the third century: writings and problems.
- The Council of Nicaea and the Arian controversy.
- The Constantinian breakthrough and its social-religious repercussions.
- The Alexandrian writers
- The Syrian and Cappadocian Fathers and their place in the development of patristics.
- Hilarion, Ambrose, Jerome and the fourth-century Latin Fathers.
- The post-Augustinian and post-Calcedonian age.
- Towards the Middle Ages: interactions between social, ecclesial, theological and philosophical events. Repercussions of the migration of peoples on Eschatology. Boethius and the Pseudo-Dionysius.
- The first Council of Constantinople and the development of the trinitarian doctrine.
- The Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon and the development of the christological controversy.
- The anthropological doctrine in Irenaeus, Gregory of Nyssa and in the Pelagian controversy.
- The Church of Rome and its relationship with the other churches.
- The moral, social and ascetic life before and after the Council of Nicaea in the writings of the Fathers. Monastic literature.
- Hagiography and history of the evolution of the Church’s awareness of itself.
- The development of liturgical worship (canonical-liturgical literature) and its interaction with patristic writings, art and epigraphy.
- Relations between the Roman Empire and the Church before and after Constantine, according to the parameters of civic and ecclesiastic law.
- The influence of classic culture on Christian culture.
- Composition and transmission of the texts of the Fathers of the Church.
The Augustinianum may award an academic degree of License in Patristic Sciences for students not possessing any specific theological preparation.
In order to be admitted as ordinary students to the biennium of License in Patristic Sciences the following is required:
- An adequate theological preparation (this will be assessed in each individual case on the basis of a talk)
- A degree (specialistic, second cycle, teaching), or a civic academic degree equivalent to an ecclesiastic License in history, letters or philosophy.
- Knowledge of Latin and Greek and of the ancient Graeco-Roman world.
- Knowledge of Italian and a further two modern languages from the following: English, German, French.
The License in Patristic Sciences is obtained after passing the examinations in all the courses prescribed, with the drafting of a written work and a comprehensive oral examination to be sustained in the presence of at least three professors. 120 ECTS: 100 ETCS for courses and other academic activities (48 old credits) and 20 ETCS for the written thesis and its defence.
For the comprehensive oral examination, the procedures for obtaining the academic degree of License in Theology and Patristic Sciences hold good.One month prior to the date of the public defence, the thesis – printed and bound - must have been deposited in six copies with the Secretariat.